Facial Skin Rejuvenation

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Facial Skin Rejuvenation

The skin is the largest organ of the body and possesses a variety of functions.  As we age, our skin becomes thinner and less elastic.  Gravity, as well as internal and external factors, makes collagen and elastin weaker, which are important to keep the skin firm.  Furthermore, superficial blemishes may become more noticeable due to a lifetime of sun exposure.

The goal of facial rejuvenation is to help reverse the effects of aging and sun damage and create a more youthful, radiant look.  A dermatologist can achieve this goal using a wide variety of procedures and treatments.

Facial Skin Rejuvenation:

What can you expect?

Facial skin rejuvenation can help reduce wrinkles, sun spots, and tighten loose skin.  It can also help improve skin texture, color, and remove blotches or damaged blood vessels.

Are there any risks?

As with all surgical procedures and treatment methods, there is always some risk.  The level of risk will be higher depending on the level of surgery used.  Temporary side effects may occur, such as mild redness, swelling, and some minor discomfort depending on the type of treatment used.  There is an increased risk of scarring, persistent redness, or permanent pigment changes with more invasive procedures.

Categories of Treatment

The skin is influenced by age, health, and both internal and external factors which may have suffered varying levels of damage.  After consulting with a dermatologist, the best suited treatment plan will be chosen for each patient.  It may be necessary to give multiple treatments to produce better and longer-lasting results.

Dermatologic surgery offers a wide variety of treatments that are both flexible and are suited for each individual patient’s needs.  There are eight key categories of facial rejuvenation treatment:

  • Topical products
  • Soft tissue fillers and botulinum toxin injections
  • Chemical peels
  • Dermabrasion
  • Lasers/IPL
  • Surgical excision
  • Liposuction
  • Neck and jowl treatments

Topical Products

Topicals products are a mild form of treatment that is applied to a patient’s skin.  These products can either be prescribed by a dermatologist or over-the-counter cosmetics.  To increase effectiveness, these products may be combined with other therapies.

Fillers and Botulinum Toxin

Soft tissue fillers are used to reduce the appearance of furrows, hollows, and wrinkles in the face, giving the skin a smoother and more flawless look.  Filler substances include bovine collagen, fat removed from another part of a patient’s body, polymer implants, and other related materials.

Botulinum toxin type A and botulinum toxin type B are purified substances, derived from a bacteria, that block muscular nerve signals.  When injected in small quantities to a specific facial muscle, the botulinum toxin will block the muscle’s impulse.  This temporarily weakens the muscle and diminishes the unwanted lines.

Once the muscle is weakened and relaxed, it cannot contract.  A natural expression is maintained since the other muscles, except the desired muscles, are not affected.  For optimal results, botulinum toxin therapy may be used in combination with other cosmetic skin procedures such as chemical peels, laser resurfacing, and dermal fillers to help prevent the formation of new lines and wrinkles.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are one of the least invasive ways to improve the appearance of skin and may be used on any skin type.  Chemical peels are ideal for patients with mild to moderate skin conditions, including sun damage, wrinkles, acne, acne scarring, and fine lines.  This procedure is meant to diminish imperfections by peeling away the skin’s top layers, allowing the skin to rejuvenate.  The new, regenerated skin is smoother and more flawless than the old skin.  After consultation, a dermatologist will decide which treatment is the most appropriate type for each individual case.


Dermabrasion is a method of treating irregularities of the skin’s surface.  To give a more even contour to the surface of the skin, a dermatologist will use an electrical machine to remove the top layers of the skin.  Each individual patient is different and the amount of sessions needed may vary based on the level of defect and how extensive the irregularities are.


Microdermabrasion is a method used to remove some of the top layers of skin and promote growth factors.  A dermatologist will use a diamond-tipped wand to remove any unwanted impurities.  This non-invasive treatment requires no topical or local anesthesia and typically requires no recovery or down-time.  Multiple treatments are necessary and may be used in combination with other treatments.

Laser Resurfacing

Laser resurfacing helps improve wrinkles, certain scars, skin discoloration, broken blood vessels, and pre-cancerous skin growths by destroying the outer layer of skin using powerful light waves.  As the wound heals, new skin forms creating a smoother more flawless appearance.  The amount of sessions needed for each patient may vary based on the level of defect and how extensive the irregularities are.

Surgical Excision

After numbing the area with local anesthesia, a dermatologist will remove the entire growth along with a surrounding border of normal skin as a safety margin using a scalpel.  The skin around the surgical site is then closed with a number of stitches, and the excised tissue is sent to the laboratory for microscopic examination to verify that all the malignant cells have been removed.


This new procedure uses a micro-electrical radio frequency to remove unwanted tissue.  The procedure delivers cold electrical energy rather than heating the skin creating little discomfort in a patient.

Non-Ablative Lasers

Lasers work beneath the surface layer of the skin to remove fine lines by promoting collagen growth and tighten underlying skin.  This procedure carries few side effects and tends to heal faster than traditional ablative laser therapy.

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